Suitable bioconjugation strategies and stabilisation of biomolecules on electrodes is essential for the development of novel and commercially viable biosensors. In the present review, the functional groups that comprise the selectable targets for practical bioconjugation methods are discussed. We focus on describing the most common immobilisation techniques used in biosensor construction, which are classified into irreversible and reversible methods. Concerning the stability of proteins, the two main types of stability may be defined as (i) storage or shelf stability, and (ii) operational stability. Both types of stability are explained, as well as the introduction of an electrophoretic technique for predicting protein–polymer interactions. In addition, solution and dry stabilisation as well as stabilisation using the covalent immobilisation of proteins are discussed including possible factors that influence stability. Finally, the integration of nanomaterials, such as magnetic particles, with protein immobilisation is discussed in relation to protein stability studies.
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Review Article| June 30 2016
Bioconjugation and stabilisation of biomolecules in biosensors
Susana Liébana ;
Essays Biochem (2016) 60 (1): 59–68.
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Pedro Estrela, Susana Liébana, Guido A. Drago; Bioconjugation and stabilisation of biomolecules in biosensors. Essays Biochem 30 June 2016; 60 (1): 59–68. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/EBC20150007
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