In this review, we present a brief introduction of the skin structure, a concise compilation of skin-related disorders, and a thorough discussion of different in vitro skin models, artificial skin substitutes, skin grafts, and dermal tissue engineering protocols. The advantages of the development of in vitro skin disorder models, such as UV radiation and the prototype model, melanoma model, wound healing model, psoriasis model, and full-thickness model are also discussed. Different types of skin grafts including allografts, autografts, allogeneic, and xenogeneic are described in detail with their associated applications. We also discuss different tissue engineering protocols for the design of various types of skin substitutes and their commercial outcomes. Brief highlights are given of the new generation three-dimensional printed scaffolds for tissue regeneration applications.
In vitro skin models and tissue engineering protocols for skin graft applications
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Vitor B. Pinheiro, Lucas B. Naves, Chetna Dhand, Luis Almeida, Lakshminarayanan Rajamani, Seeram Ramakrishna; In vitro skin models and tissue engineering protocols for skin graft applications. Essays Biochem 30 November 2016; 60 (4): 357–369. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/EBC20160043
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