Abstract

Mammalian genomes are ordered at several scales, ranging from nucleosomes (beads on a string), to topologically associated domains (TADs), laminar associated domains (LADs), and chromosome territories. These are described briefly below and we refer the reader to some recent comprehensive reviews on genome architecture summarising the current state of knowledge of the organisational principles of the nucleus [1,2]. Biological observations from populations of millions of individual cells can reveal consensus behaviour. New methods to study and interpret biological data at the single-cell level have recently been instrumental in revealing new understanding of cell-to-cell variation and novel biology. Here we will summarise the recent advances in single-cell technology that have provided insights into the behaviour of the mammalian genome during a cell cycle. We will focus on the interphase domain structure of chromosomes, including TADs and LADs, and how chromosome architecture changes during the cell cycle. The role of genome architecture relating to gene expression has been reviewed elsewhere [3].

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