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Keywords: centromere
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Essays Biochem (2020) 64 (2): 251–261.
Published: 14 August 2020
...Jessica E. Fellmeth; Kim S. McKim While many of the proteins involved in the mitotic centromere and kinetochore are conserved in meiosis, they often gain a novel function due to the unique needs of homolog segregation during meiosis I (MI). CENP-C is a critical component of the centromere for...
Essays Biochem (2020) 64 (2): 205–221.
Published: 28 July 2020
...Ahmad Ali-Ahmad; Nikolina Sekulić The centromere is a chromosome locus that directs equal segregation of chromosomes during cell division. A nucleosome containing the histone H3 variant CENP-A epigenetically defines the centromere. Here, we summarize findings from recent structural biology studies...
Essays Biochem (2020) 64 (2): 185–192.
Published: 05 June 2020
...Ye Yang; Michael A. Lampson; Ben E. Black Mammalian artificial chromosomes (MACs) are widely used as gene expression vectors and have various advantages over conventional expression vectors. We review and discuss breakthroughs in MAC construction, initiation of functional centromeres allowing their...
Essays Biochem (2020) 64 (2): 223–232.
Published: 14 May 2020
...Ben L. Carty; Elaine M. Dunleavy Asymmetric cell division (ACD) produces daughter cells with separate distinct cell fates and is critical for the development and regulation of multicellular organisms. Epigenetic mechanisms are key players in cell fate determination. Centromeres, epigenetically...
Essays Biochem (2020) 64 (2): 193–203.
Published: 14 May 2020
.... Both mitosis and meiosis rely on centromeres for the segregation of chromosomes. Centromeres are the specialized regions of the chromosomes that are attached to microtubules during their segregation. In this review, we describe the adaptations and layers of regulation that are required for centromere...
Essays Biochem (2019) 63 (1): 15–27.
Published: 23 April 2019
...Craig W. Gambogi; Ben E. Black Proper segregation of chromosomes is an essential component of cell division. The centromere is the locus at which the kinetochore—the proteinaceous complex that ties chromosomes to microtubules—forms during mitosis and meiosis. Thus, the centromere is critical for...