Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a complex, multisystem disorder characterised by alpha synuclein pathology, degeneration of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons, multifactorial pathogenetic mechanisms and expression of a plethora of motor and non-motor symptoms. Animal models of PD have already been instructive in helping us unravel some of these aspects. However, much remains to be discovered, requiring continued interrogation by the research community. In contrast to the situation for many neurological disorders, PD benefits from of a wide range of available animal models (pharmacological, toxin, genetic and alpha-synuclein) but this makes selection of the optimal one for a given study difficult. This is especially so when a study demands a model that displays a specific combination of features. While many excellent reviews of animal models already exist, this review takes a different approach with the intention of more readily informing this decision-making process. We have considered each feature of PD in turn - aetiology, pathology, pathogenesis, motor dysfunctions and non-motor symptoms - highlighting those animal models that replicate each. By compiling easily accessible tables and figures, we aim to provide the reader with a simple, go-to resource for selecting the optimal animal model of PD to suit their research needs.

This content is only available as a PDF.
This is an Accepted Manuscript; not the final Version of Record. You are encouraged to use the final Version of Record that, when published, will replace this manuscript and be freely available under a Creative Commons licence.